About the Commission
The Commission on the Status of Women (hereafter referred to as “CSW” or “the Commission”) is a functional commission of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). It is the principal global policy-making body dedicated exclusively to gender equality and advancement of women. Every year, representatives of Member States gather at United Nations Headquarters in New York to evaluate progress on gender equality, identify challenges, set global standards and formulate concrete policies to promote gender equality and women’s empowerment worldwide.
ECOSOC resolution 11(II) of 21 June 1946 with the aim to prepare recommendations and reports to the Council on promoting women’s rights in political, economic, civil, social and educational fields. The Commission also makes recommendations to the Council on urgent problems requiring immediate attention in the field of women’s rights.
The Commission’s mandate was expanded in 1987 by ECOSOC resolution 1987/22 to include the functions of promoting the objectives of equality, development and peace, monitoring the implementation of measures for the advancement of women, and reviewing and appraising progress made at the national, subregional, regional and global levels. Following the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women, the General Assembly mandated the Commission to integrate into its programme a follow-up process to the Conference, regularly reviewing the critical areas of concern in the Beijing Platform for Action and to develop its catalytic role in mainstreaming a gender perspective in United Nations activities.
The ECOSOC again modified the Commission’s terms of reference in 1996, in its resolution 1996/6, deciding that the Commission should:
(a) Assist the Council in monitoring, reviewing and appraising progress achieved and problems encountered in the implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action at all levels, and should advise the Council thereon;(b) Continue to ensure support for mainstreaming a gender perspective in United Nations activities and develop further its catalytic role in that regard in other areas;
(c) Identify issues where United Nations system-wide coordination needed to be improved in order to assist the Council in its coordination function;
(d) Identify emerging issues, trends and new approaches to issues affecting the situation of women or equality between women and men that required consideration and make substantive recommendations thereon;
(e) Maintain and enhance public awareness and support for the implementation of the Platform for Action.
Membership and composition
Forty-five Member States of the United Nations serve as members of the Commission at any one time. The Commission consists of one representative from each of the 45 Member States elected by the Council on the basis of equitable geographical distribution: thirteen members from Africa; eleven from Asia; nine from Latin America and Caribbean; eight from Western Europe and other States and four from Eastern Europe. Members are elected for a period of four years.
Click here to download the list of current members of the Commission.
The Commission meets annually for a period of 10 working days (late February-early March) at United Nations Headquarters in New York.
The Bureau of the Commission plays a crucial role in facilitating the preparation for, and in ensuring the successful outcome of the annual sessions of the Commission. Bureau members serve for two years. In 2002, in order to improve its work and ensure continuity, the Commission decided to hold the first meeting of its subsequent session, immediately following the closure of the regular session, for the sole purpose of electing the new Chairperson and other members of the Bureau (Council resolution 46/101).
Current Members of the Bureau
The Bureau for the 56th and 57th sessions comprises the following members:
- H.E. Ms. Marjon V. Kamara (Liberia) of the African States Group, Chair
- Ms. Ana Marie Hernando (Philippines) of the Asia-Pacific States Group, Vice-Chair
- Ms. Irina Velichko (Belarus) of the Eastern European States Group, Vice-Chair
- H.E. Mr. Carlos Garcia Gonzalez (El Salvador) of the Latin American and Caribbean States Group, Vice-Chair
- Mr. Filippo Cinti (Italy), Western European and other States Group, Vice-Chair
Output of the Commission
The principal output of the Commission on the Status of Women is the agreed conclusions on priority themes set for each year. Agreed conclusions contain an assessment of progress, as well as of gaps and challenges. In particular, they contain a set of concrete recommendations for action by Governments, intergovernmental bodies and other institutions, civil society actors and other relevant stakeholders, to be implemented at the international, national, regional and local level.
In addition to the agreed conclusions, the Commission also adopts a number of resolutions on a range of issues, including the situation of and assistance to Palestinian women; and women, the girl child and HIV and AIDS.
The annual report of the Commission is submitted to the Economic and Social Council for adoption.
Role of the Secretariat
UN Women is responsible for providing substantive support to the Commission in all aspects of its work, including to its Bureau. UN Women is also responsible for facilitating the participation of civil society representatives in the Commission’s annual session, as well as for the coordination of parallel events held at the United Nations during the sessions.
“Our times demand a new definition of leadership – global leadership. They demand a new constellation of international cooperation – governments, civil society and the private sector, working together for a collective global good.” Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon Speech at World Economic Forum – Davos, Switzerland (29 January 2009)
The United Nations is both a participant in and a witness to an increasingly global civil society. More and more, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and other civil society organizations (CSOs) are UN system partners and valuable UN links to civil society. CSOs play a key role at major United Nations Conferences and are indispensable partners for UN efforts at the country level. NGOs are consulted on UN policy and programme matters. The UN organizes and hosts, on a regular basis, briefings, meetings and conferences for NGO representatives who are accredited to UN offices, programmes and agencies.
The Australian government considers the annual session of the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) as an important international event drawing attention to women’s rights and efforts to address gender inequality. Important to successful negotiations and outcomes are active and informed non-governmental organisations (NGOs) on the ground at CSW and in the lead up to preparations.
Australian NGO’s have been particularly engaged across Government and in communities identifying key issues of importance related to the annual priority theme. The Australian government delegation to CSW relies on feedback and information from NGOs to help inform its negotiation priorities as well as to draw attention of other governments to key issues of concern.
This is particularly useful through NGOs on the ground at CSW who participate and conduct a range of events targeted at other international NGOs as well as governments. However, not every NGO can attend every annual session of CSW and there is a need for collaboration and information sharing across Australian NGOs on the expectations, logistics, roles and outcomes of CSW. Better informed NGOs will foster better planning and advocacy.
Australian NGO Guide to the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW)
JERA International was contracted by the Commonwealth Office for Women, through the Gender Equality for Women Program that aims to improve gender equality through coordinated whole-of-government advice and support for women’s economic security, safety and status, to develop an Australian NGO Guide to CSW as a tool for Australian NGOs to acquaint themselves with the logistics of attending CSW as well as the strategic importance of the event to women. The work was largely supported by a grant from the Australian Government Office for Women, FaHCSIA.
Download the Guide here or simply click onto the image: Australian NGO Guide to the Commission on the Status of Women
The impetus for this Guide came from a sector wide desire for stronger engagement around CSW and its processes.
JERA International has endeavoured to make this Guide ‘cover all bases’ as discussed during teleconferences, numerous phone calls, emails and discussions. Specific requests for information, strategies to engage with CSW and ways to work with groups attending CSW have been covered in this Guide.
Development of this Guide was community driven and is targeted to fit those thinking of engaging with CSW as well as those who attend on a regular basis. All information in this Guide is current at the time of writing. As developments occur internationally and nationally, it is hoped this Guide can be added to and used as a living, ongoing document.
JERA thanks all the individuals and organisations that participated in the development of this Guide and we are ever grateful for your input. Our thanks go to the staff of the Australian Government Office for Women who provided patience, support and technical assistance.
Next CSW Session
Elimination and prevention of all forms of violence against women and girls
Previous CSW Sessions
CSW56 The empowerment of rural women and their role in poverty and hunger eradication, development and current challenges
CSW55 Access and participation of women and girls in education, training and science and technology, including for the promotion of women’s equal access to full employment and decent work
CSW54 B+15 15-year review of the implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995) and the outcomes of the twenty-third special session of the General Assembly (2000)
CSW52 Access and participation of women and girls in education, training, science and technology, including for the promotion of women’s equal access to full employment and decent work
CSW51 Violence against the girl child The elimination of all forms of discrimination and violence against the girl child
Worthwhile Documents relating to all CSW Annual Sessions
Inter-agency Technical Meeting: Building employment and decent work into sustainable recovery and development
Gender Equality Blueprint : SDC, AHRC
Justice Equality Rights Access International (JERA) is strongly committed to the CSW process, and the support of the Beijing Platform for Action and CEDAW.
JERA promotes Justice, Equity, Rights and Access to bring about positive change for women and communities. Working in Australia, the Asia Pacific Region and internationally to promote positive action to achieve gender equality, JERA uses a practical and rights-based approach to directly advance women’s participation in policy discussions and change.
JERA International was formed in recognition of the fact that women do less well than men as a group in every country across the world. JERA works in partnership with groups and networks of women and men towards common goals and outcomes to advance gender equality. JERA works as a conduit between community and decision-makers, providing opportunity, access, training, and expertise linkages. Our vision is for gender equality in all areas of civil life, society, the economy and culture.
JERA International focuses on key change areas including:
- The mobilisation of women and men to bring about gender equity;
- Evidence indicates that sustainable change and equality requires the active participation of women and girls, men and boys.
- Promoting and making linkages for evidence based decision making for policy: national and international.
- Promotion of the advancement of women through key policy dialogue, practical project and program implementation and partnerships with key national and international actors.